I had been researching my mother mother’s family and just documenting my know paternal family off and on for over 15 years when my father ask me to please find out what war his grandfather Emp fought in. It was rumored in the Africa Town community that he was a Buffalo Solider.
Now here I am an adult and in my mid-forties and I had never heard of this.
I have never seen a picture of Emp, I have never heard any stories about him and all of the elders are deceased.
My father the baby who knew nothing about his ancestors has given me this assignment. Where do I start? I visited the Mobile Genealogy Library and I had found Empot (misspelled his name is Emperor Green) Green and his family listed on the 1900 census in Whistler, Mobile County, AL. His birth year listed was about 1850 and has been married for about 18 years to Mary Etta Telfly/Telfar Green. She had been pregnant nine times but has only five children living. Emp can not read or write, is a day laborer and he owns his house free of mortgage.
Africa Town was not considered part of Mobile City so there was no information about there inhabitants other than the census. In the early years the men worked outside the house for about 1.00 per week mostly in the lumber yards. They would fish and hunt to supply food for the families. The women stayed home with the children. They grew vegetables, fruit and sold them in open markets in the community. The first and second generations of the African descendants spoke English and their parents native African language. They established a school in the community for their children and brought in a teacher, there was a chief leading the community, a medicine man and a large number of them attended Stone Street Baptist Church until started Union Baptist Church. ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_Street_Baptist_Church )
I continued my search for Emp. Not finding anything else I ask my father if he was sure that Emp was the Buffalo Solider that they were talking about that is buried in the Plateau Cemetery? He said ” well I know he was in the service because my great aunt was getting his pension”. So I began to search for military pensions.
Several years later I found his file index in Ancestry.com. It was spelled E- r- n- p Green. Great grandmother Mary Etta’s name was listed as well as my great Aunt Clementine (unable to find a copy of the original applications). It proved to be his pension record. Service information was listed A 86 USC Inf (Civil War US Colored Troops). I was so excited to finally have this information however it was months to late to share with my father he died June 2000.
I received a copy of his records from the National Archives. There was no record or information of his mother, father, no next of kin or slave owner. There was some valuable information listed such as he was born in Baldwin County AL, he was 17 years old at the time of this application and his occupation was a Laborer.
He volunteer or mustered in on the 11th day of April 1865 for three years at Fort Morgan (Gulf Shores, Baldwin County, AL.).
And there is a description of him which is so important to me since we have no pictures. Black eyes, black hair, and black completion and was about 5 feet tall.
He served in the field for one year. After doing more research on his unit I discovered that his job was to make sure that everyone and mostly the slaves knew that the war was over through out the state of Alabama.
His military career was cut short after a year he was mustered out in Mobile City, Mobile County, Al. Not understanding why I did additional reading through several historical writing about USCT during that time. I learned that the European’s who lived in the area were very unconformable with ex-slaves baring arms. So they were all dismissed early.
Emp’s name is listed on the wall as part of African American Civil War Memorial , Plaque number C-91 which we have a picture of.
Three member of Alabama’s Chapter 1 of the National Association of Buffalo Soldiers also participated in the event. These soldiers honored Emperor Green, a Buffalo Soldier buried at the cemetery.
Emp 1866- 1900? Stay tuned for more or Emp Green, the last generation of slavery, in my next post.